Shri Mata Vaishno Devi University
Approved Under 12(b) & 2(f) of UGC Act 1956
Major Equipments:


Furnaces : High Temperature muffle furnaces;
Shimadzu DTA60: Thermogravimetric Analyzer (TGA) Shimadzu: UV-VIS-NIR SpectrophotometerModel : 2600;
Agilent Cary-Varian: SpectrofluoremeterAnd UV-Cabinet Nucleonix: Thermoluminescence Reader (Tl-1009);
Gaussian 09 software for theoretical simulation of Shimadzu: Tracer-100 FTIR ;
Molecular Dynamics:Dynamic light scattering (DLS) Materials Synthesis Lab;
Denver: High precision Micro Balance


This laboratory is a part of M. Sc. Physics Ist year General Laboratory and aims at providing the basic concepts & operation of electronic devices & circuits. The lab supports the students to build their circuits on breadboard using electronic components, ICs, power supplies and other electronic equipments. It also provides logic level realization of different digital circuit such as logic gates, flip-flops, counters, registers, multiplexers, de-multiplexers etc. This laboratory enables our students to learn prototyping, soldering, wiring and testing their own circuits.

Microprocessor and Microcontroller Laboratory:

The aim of this laboratory is to provide the knowledge about architecture, programming and interfacing of microprocessor (P) chips 8085/8086 and microcontroller (MC) chips AT80C51/AT89C2051 to the M.Sc. Physics Ist and IInd year students. This lab also helps the final year students, with Electronics specialization, to build P and MC based Electronics projects.

Major Equipments:

1. NI Elvis Basic Bundle

2. VHDL FPGA Trainer Kit

3. EPROM Programmer

4. IC Tester Analog

5. LVDT Trainer Kit

6. Decade Resistance Box

7. Decade Capacitance Box

8. UPIC Tool Kit

9. 32 Channel Logic Analyzer

10. 8051 Microprocessor Kit

11. 8086 Microprocessor Kit

12. 8051 Microcontroller Kit

13. 8051 Development Board

14. Digital Multimeter

15. Peripheral Cards

17. Desktop Computers

18. Multiple DC Power Supply

19. Digital IC Tester

20. Decade Inductance Boxes

21. Constant Voltage Transformer

22. 8 Digit Frequency Counter

23. Digital Storage Oscilloscope

24. Cathode Ray Oscilloscope

25. Function Generators

List of Experiments:

M.Sc. Sem-I: M.Sc. Sem-II: M.Sc. Sem-III:


Department of Physics has well equipped Physics laboratory for B.Tech students. The Physics experiments are performed by the students of all Engineering branches. The experiments are based mainly upon Optics, Electrostatics and Electricity&Magnetism, Modern Physics and Solid State Physics which are the parts of theory syllabus. Students will be required to perform at least 10 experiments out of the list in each semester.

Physics Laboratory

PHP 1011: 0 – 0 – 2 = 1

1. (a) To find the angle of prism by rotating the telescope method. (b) To find the refractive index of the material of the given prism using a spectrometer.
2. To determine the refractive index of given liquid (water) using a hollow prism and spectrometer.
3. To study the Newton’s interference rings and determine the wavelength of sodium light.
4. To determine the wavelength of sodium light using a plane diffraction grating.
5. To study the dependence of Refractive Index (µ) of the material of the prism on the Wavelength (λ) of light; and hence (a) to determine the Dispersive Power of the material of prism (b) to verify the Cauchy Relationship µ=a+b/λ2,and to estimate the values of ‘a’ and ‘b’. (c) to plot a graph of dµ/dλ versus λ.
6. To determine the frequency of A.C. mains with a Sonometer using non-magnetic wire.
7. To draw the characteristics curves of a Semiconductor Diodes (Si or Ge)
8. To study the V-I characteristics of a Zener Diode.
9. To study the performance of a Half-wave, Full-wave & Bridge wave rectifiers without filters.
10. To determine the band gap by measuring the resistance of a Thermistor at different temperatures.
11. To determine the energy band gap of a semiconductor diode (Ge) using Four Probe Method.
12. To verify Stefan’s law by estimating the temperature of a torch bulb filament from resistance measurement.
13. To study the Hall Effect and calculate the Hall Coefficient and Charge Carrier Concentration of a given sample.
14. To find the wavelength of He-Ne laser using transmission diffraction grating.

Note: Apart from above listed experiments, course coordinator can also pick any other experiments meant for demonstrating proof-of-concept and to impart training and help the students learn the subject matter of “fundamentals of physics”, in general.


The Department of Physics offers specialization in the Condensed Matter Physics (CMP) in M.Sc. Physics Programme. This specialization is offered in the 3rd semester of the course. In the fourth semester of the course project work in specialized field is mandatory. The laboratory will provide experimental set-up for more than approximately 30 different experiments of which at least ten are compulsory for a student to complete. The lists of experiments are provided in the regularly updated Laboratory Manual maintained by the Department of Physics.

List of Experiments:

Students will be required to perform at least 10-12 experiments from the list below:

Note: Apart from above, course instructor can also pick few experiments from the UGC-Physics Model Curriculum and any other experiments meant for demonstration of concept and training in condensed matter physics and nanotechnology, in general.

physics lab01

In the world of increasing conscious of the potential effects of science and technology on environment laboratory techniques and methodology at large are of importance. We live in an age in which the pace of technological change pulsating ever faster causing waves that spread towards all spheres of life. This increased rate of change will have an impact on us, no matter what we do for a living. This brings new competition from new ways of doing things. Technological change is going to reach out & sooner or later change something fundamental in our life. In technology, ''whatever can be done will be done''. We cannot stop these changes. Instead, we are making a transition from a period when advantages could be gained from information to an era that depends on knowledge as an actionable asset for non-repeatable competitive advantage. Learning faster than the competition is now "Fundamental to Success".

The team at SMVDU Physics Laboratory understand this ''Fundamental to Success''. The objective of Physics Laboratory is to demonstrate the principles of experimental practice in Physics & Physics related Engineering. And to show how measurement, experiment design & modern instrumentation can be used most effectively and to encourage the creative use of experimental & theoretical physics in areas which may be unfamiliar. The emphasis is focused upon experiment design & use of Core & Applied Physics fundamentals.

The Physics Laboratory at SMVDU have been structured as - General Physics Laboratory, Physics Dark Room, and Solid State Physics Laboratory. The three Physics Laboratories primarily address to students at introductory graduate levels in engineering. The Physics Laboratory at SMVDU is equipped with state of the art equipments not only in the field of Pure but also in Applied Physics.

General Physics Laboratory exposes the students towards the basic physical measurement & methodologies which though seems to be passive but in the contrast of Laboratory cannot be considered to be passive & isolated subjects of interest; & on the other hand the students have a hand on experience of handling advanced instruments of optics in Physics Dark Room. And still the Solid State Physics Laboratory provides the students an exposure to Semiconductor basics and also advanced concepts and instrumentation for semiconductors from the Physics (core) point of view. In the Physics Laboratory the students have a full- hand operation of measuring instruments, such as, Vernier Calipers, Screw Gauze, Spherometer, Traveling Microscope are some to mention. The students are also provided with full hands on experiences in optical instruments, such as, Optical benches, Lasers, Spectrometers, Michelson Interferometer. Not only has this but the students also gain experiences of handling Semiconductor crystals for measurements with advanced instruments, such as, Four Probe and Hall Effect, Dielectric Constant Measurements and B-H Curve analysis through interfacing with PC are some to be mentioned.

Last but not the least, we at SMVDU Physics Laboratory believe in making the students understand basic concepts in Physics & Applied Physics and also provide an exposure & understanding in latest technological changes in Physics & Physics related fields.

The team at SMVDU Physics Laboratory believe ''not only in making the experimental concepts merely happen'' but believe '' in making them understandable from the grass roots as well''.

The Department has established three laboratories namely:


The laboratory will provide experimental set-up for more than approximately 30 different experiments of which at least ten are compulsory for a student to complete. The lists of experiments are provided in the regularly updated Laboratory Manual maintained by the Department of Physics. The experiments will be a thoughtful mix involving different techniques and specialties

List of Experiments: Name of the experiments
1. To observe the rotation of the plane of polarization of monochromatic light by given sol. (sugar sol.) And determine the specific rotation of sugar using a Polarimeter.
2. To determine the Planck’s constant using Einstien’s equation of Photoelectric Effect.
3. To determine the temperature dependence of total radiation and hence verify the Stefan’s law.
4. To study the divergence of He -Ne laser.
5. To investigate Diamagnetism, Paramagnetism and Ferromagtism.
6. To find the Resolving Power of Prism
7. To study the Newton’s interference rings and to (a) determine the wavelength of Sodium light (b)determine the radius of curvature of the convex surface of a plano –convex lens.
8. To study the dependence of the Refractive Index of the material of the prism on the wavelength of the light and hence (a) to determine the dispersive power of the material of the prism (b) to verify the Cauchy relationship.
9. To verify the Biot- Savart’s law
10. To plot the Current –Voltage characteristics of a CdS Photoresister at constant irradiance.
11. To determine the Planck’s Constant ‘h’.
12. To determine the Franck Hertz characteristic curve of Neon
13. To measure the wavelength of Laser using a millimeter scale as a grating
14. To determine the wavelength of sodium light using Fresnel’s Biprism
15. To demonstrate the Faraday Effect using flint glass.
16. To determine the Electronic Charge e by Millikan’s oil drop method
17. To measure the wavelengths of the Balmer series of Visible emission lines from Hydrogen
18. To determine the phase shift between the normal and extraordinary light beam produced by given dielectric fluid (nitrobenzene) and to plot a graph between the phase shift and square of electric field or square of voltage.


M.Sc.(Physics): Graduates (10+2+3 pattern) in any stream with Physics/Electronics as a subject. The candidate must have secured at least 60% marks in qualifying examination from a recognized University/institution. Candidates appearing in the qualifying examination can also apply subject to their passing the examination before the admissions are finalized.


M.Sc. (Physics): 30

SELECTION CRITERIA: M.Sc.: Written Test followed by Interview (Weightage 85:15)


MAXIMUM INTAKE: Ph.D. (Physics): Slots will be notified on University Website

SELECTION CRITERIA: A candidate applying for admission to Full-Time Ph.D. program must have obtained Master's Degree in Engineering/ Technology/ Sciences/ Management/ Humanities & Social Sciences or in interdisciplinary/ trans-disciplinary disciplines with minimum CGPA of 6.75 on a ten point scale in relative grading system or minimum CGPA of 6.00 in absolute grading system or 60% marks in aggregate of any University established by law. Candidates possessing M.C.A. degree are also eligible for admission to Ph.D. program in Department of Computer Science & Engineering, for the component under Faculty of Science. Candidates, who have appeared / are appearing in their qualifying examination and the results of which are yet to be declared can also apply subject to their meeting other eligibility criteria.

However, in all such cases provisional admission may be granted valid up to the end of last teaching day of the FIRST Semester of University, by which date the proof of meeting the eligibility criteria should be submitted by the candidate, failing which the provisional admission granted shall be deemed to have been cancelled. Further, in such case(s) the candidate(s) will have no claim for the refund of fee paid by the candidate except the Mess fee and Hostel fee which would be deducted on pro-rata basis. The provisionally admitted candidate shall not be physically admitted in the University Department while extending the validity of his/her provisional admission till the result of his/her qualifying examination is declared or till the last teaching day of the first semester of the University, whichever happens to be earlier. A candidate applying for admission to full time Ph.D. program must have qualified National level examination such as UGC / CSIR - NET or GATE in concerned discipline or should be sponsored by a reputed organization where he/she is working. However, candidate(s) who are not NET/GATE qualified may also apply for admission to Full-Time Ph.D. program for which they may be considered in case of left over seats. However, such candidates shall not be entitled for any Assistantship from the University.

Candidates applying for admission to Ph.D. on part-time basis must have same minimum academic qualification as required for admission to full time Ph.D. program. In addition to the general eligibility norms, the sponsored (FT & PT) & PT (Non sponsored).

Candidates shall have to comply with the following requirements:

About the Programme

Study & development of physics is important as it plays a key role in the future progress of humankind. Physics is an exciting intellectual adventure that inspires young people and expands the frontiers of our knowledge about Nature. Physics generates fundamental knowledge needed for the future technological advances that will continue to drive the economic engines of the world. It contributes to the technological infrastructure and provides trained personnel needed to take advantage of scientific advances and discoveries. Physics is an important element in the education of chemists, engineers and computer scientists, as well as practitioners of the other physical and biomedical sciences. It extends and enhances our understanding of other disciplines, such as the earth, agricultural, chemical, biological, and environmental sciences which happen to be the subjects of substantial importance to all peoples of the world. Physics improves our quality of life by providing the basic understanding necessary for developing new materials, instrumentation and techniques for various applications.

Considering the above the programme has been designed with two elements namely core and specialization and initially the school shall offer Electronics and Material Science as the specializations. Subsequently based on the availability of infrastructure and faculty other specializations can be added without any need to modify the core component.

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